The decision to give birth to the CommitteeFPT was taken in December 2009 after a convention organized by the “Associazione Porto Franco Internazionale” about the frame of mind so-called NO SE POL (not-possible) that was applied for 56 years over the port, the city and the surroundings of Trieste. We have some questions, namely:
- Why is the Free Port of Trieste today in a state of total abandon?
- Why is the existing Port Authority established under the directives of the Italian government?
- Why is the Free Port not administered as by its Instrument (Annex VIII, art. 18 18.1. And 18.2.), where the Original Free Territory citizens have a legitimate right of preference to manage the port that has always been theirs (Annex VIII, art. 18, 18.1. and 18.2.)?
After this conference, some of its participants gathered, as simple citizens of Trieste of any age, ethnicity and political affiliation to whom the future of our port is a priority, which led to the simple question: “Is there a way to put in operational conditions the Port of Trieste?”. See below two images of the Old Port of Trieste in its current conditions!
The result of this meeting has been turned into the decision to set up the “CommitteeFPT” which is an association composed of ordinary citizens of Triest that have the characteristics to be original Free Territory citizens and therefore to be the the only ones who can legally operate the Free Port of Triest.
Below we introduce the first Article of the Constitution of the Committee, in order to understand why wars and lies in the end don’t pay, and cannot change the course of history. These are the premises regarding the facts that explain the situation of the Free Port of Trieste, which is a land owned by all nations that constitute the United Nations.
1.1. on January 10, 1947 the Free Port of Trieste as an extraterritorial territory of any country in the world was voted by 11 nations and recorded at the United Nations Organization;
1.2. this registration can not be cancelled because it is part of the Treaty of Peace with Italy signed in Paris on February 10, 1947;
1.3. this registration complies with all the intents and purposes of the United Nations Charter of June 26, 1945 in being a member state of this organization, as all 5 permanent representatives of the Security Council voted in favour of it;
1.4. the territory of the Free Port has its own constitution and lays in Central Europe and the same can be lawfully considered similar to the territory of the United Nations Headquarters in New York;
1.5. the Free Port of Trieste is an extraterritorial port de jure and de facto and the Free Territory of Trieste is also de jure an international zone, and both are declared demilitarized territories and defended as a Protectorate of the United Nations;
1.6. the Free Port of Trieste can not be considered a state corporation of the State of the Free Territory of Trieste since it is conformed and administered as a sovereign state, having all the attributes of a juridical person and functioning in accordance with the conditions of the “Instrument for the Free Port (Annex VIII)” or Constitution of the Free Port and is therefore considered only territorially incorporated in the state of the Free Territory of Trieste (a corporation of two sovereign states);
1.7. the establishment of special zones in the Free Port under the exclusive jurisdiction of any State is incompatible with the status of the Free Territory and of the Free Port;
1.8. thanks to the territorial expansion of the Free Territory, the Free Port has granted free access to international waters;
1.9. The port of Trieste since 1719 has always been a world reference for the maritime trade and cultural exchanges;
1.10. the Free Port of Trieste was established to be the port of all the UN member nations and primarily to give access to international waters to the landlocked states of Central Europe;
1.11. the multi-ethnical population of original Free Territory citizens exists legally but has never had a chance to express themselves democratically, and this population has the rights of citizenship of the United Nations (United Nations Nationals);
1.12. the original Free Territory citizens are those who were domiciled on June 10, 1940 in the area within the borders of the Free Territory of Trieste and their children born after that date, or those who were born in the area after that date (UN Chart for human rights);
1.13. the “Instrument for the Free Port” foresees a Director that cannot be an Italian citizen or a citizen of Yugoslavia, but can be an original Free Territory citizen and that to the administrative apparatus and employment there must be given a preference to the original Free Territory citizens;
1.14. the Free Territory citizens are prevented by the Italian Authorities to manage – through the International Commission – the Free Port of Trieste;
1.15. the original Free Territory citizens forms the “Chairman of the International Commission” that is called to oversee the administration of the Free Port; 1.16. the Memorandum of Understanding of London was signed on October 5, 1954 by 4 nations including Italy and was intended as a military and temporary agreement of inapplicability of the constitution of the civil state of the Free Territory and Free Port of Trieste, former Annex VI, VII and VIII of the Treaty of Peace with Italy of 10 February 1947.
1.17. the Memorandum of Understanding provides for the replacement of the Allied Military Government under UN control responsible to guarantee the territorial sovereignty of the Free Port and Free Territory (Annex VII), with a military occupation by the neighbouring states, Italy and Yugoslavia, which were not authorized by the UN;
1.18. the Italian and Yugoslavian military occupation of the territory could be justified in some way during the period of the “Cold War”;
1.19. The Cold War ended conventionally in 1989 after the fall of the Berlin Wall (German reunification);
1.20. since 1989 there was no longer any historical factor to prevent the actuation and government of the Free Territory and Free Port of Trieste by a civil administration composed of native original Free Territory citizens;
1.21. in the Memorandum of Understanding of London in 1954, Italy agreed to administer the Free Port of Trieste, former Annex VIII, only with the first 20 of 26 articles of the “Instrument for the Free Port”.
1.23. Italy on reason of the international political situation (“Cold War”) from 1954 until 1989 could not legitimately administer the Free Port of Trieste but this does not affect the actual situation: from 1989 onwards they could, and should, have regulated the legal and administrative situation of the Free Port as from its “Instrument”.
1.24. The current Italian Port Authority in 2008 has rejected a project for modernizing the Free Port accompanied by a substantial international funding only because the project involved the implementation of the international law in force for the Free Port, using for this purpose the application of state-owned Italian laws;
1.25. the historical judgement issued by the supreme Italian court TAR No. 200902677 dated March 16, 2009 declares that from that date onwards the Italian laws will be applied to all intents and purposes on the territory of the Free Port, and thus remove the legal and factual ANNEX VIII and the TREATY OF PEACE WITH ITALY, and the most total international sovereignty of the territory, which lasted for 290 years;
1.26. this means that Italy denies having lost the Second World War in which it had implemented the most substantial ethnic cleansing in this territory;
1.27. the illegal appropriation by Italy of the international territory of the Free Port can be considered an act of war against the United Nations or against all signatories of the Treaty of Peace including the Free Territory;
1.28. the Italian port authorities systematically divert traffic of goods and people to other Italian ports, damaging the Free Port of Trieste that he is reduced today in a state of complete commercial and territorial abandon;
1.29. Italy has intentionally violated since 1954 all the 26 articles that make up the Annex VIII of the “Instrument” that is the Constitution and the guide line for the conduction of the international Free Port of Trieste;
1.30. We conclude that: the Memorandum of Understanding of London was not legal for the purposes of the law since it was signed on October 5, 1954 and thus all the agreements concerning the bilateral termination of the sovereign states of the “Free Port of Trieste” and “Free Territory of Trieste”, by the military and civilian administrations of Italy and Yugoslavia, made after that date shall be considered null and void.
Furthermore, the “Background” above determined that the Italian authorities may be considered illegal and harmful to the Free Port of Trieste, as well as being an impediment to the legitimate Free Territory and International administrators, to develop this extraterritorial land in an equal form for all nations of the world, both legally and in fact.
After these premises, it’s clear that there must be a fundamental mistake in the recent history of these lands and by our opinion it is coming the time to rectify this mistake, otherwise our port will not work even in a million years.
To understand if it’s possible to change this reality (unreality), we have evaluated all the options, and we came to the conclusion that it is not anymore acceptable to infuse – through political propaganda – disagreement factors between the different ethnic groups (Italians, Slovenians, Croats, Greeks, Serbs, Jews, Germans, Austrians , Slovaks, Czechs, Russians, etc..) who are living in this area, as well as refusing the responsibilities of managing the Free Territory of Trieste and Free Port of Trieste in a legal manner as required by their respective Statutes (see Annexes VI and VIII) where it can be easily understood that the laws are fair for all citizens of this State called Free Territory of Trieste and fair for all the the Nations that make up the United Nations Organization (UNO).
To change the current unsatisfactory situation there is one only way, that of the original citizens of Triest to take their responsibilies and govern their own territory that consists of the States of the Free Territory and of Free Port of Triest, as well as of the Security Council of the United Nations to take its responsibilities – as from the Statutes – in order to ensure the implementation of these two demilitarized and international territories and as the protector of those States.
Regarding this, the CommitteeFPT has itself constitutionally self-registered as an association of United Nations Nationals and as a member of the UN, to be the only organism carrying the rights to represent the Free Territory and Free Port of Trieste in the name of the original Free Territory citizens, with the aim to submit the issues of those two States to the Security Council and to carry out the possible solutions.
Moreover the CommitteeFPT as legal representative of the Free Territory of Trieste, which forms the permanent presidency of the “International Commission” under current law, Annex VIII, Article 21.2. has taken its responsibility to invite representatives of the nations that make up the same, to take their headquarters in the Free Port of Trieste in Warehouse 26 of the Old Port, in order together to perform the task of implementing the port.
In practice the CommitteeFPT believes that this Corporation of two States is a treasure for all the actors involved and therefore calls democratically to implement the Free Port and consequently the Free Territory of Triest as international and sovereign states. The advantages of the implementation of the existing law will certainly be of great importance for the international community and for our fellow citizens.
These benefits can be defined simply as:
1. To be a neutral and safe territory for all the nations of the world; for political, cultural and commercial meetings.
2. For international investments to start the reconstruction and construction of the Free Port of Triest with the possibility of extending the extraterritorial jurisdiction to the territory to the Port of Koper/ Capodistria and in this way to create a big port that will be competitive worldwide.
3. For economical growth and development of the Free Territory of Trieste and for the nations of Central Europe.
4. To guarantee a fair harbor for all vessels without discrimination of flag, loading and unloading of goods and people and prices for port services.
5. To be a direct economic resource for the Organization of the United Nations which operates in the world, for co-financing humanitarian projects.
6. For jobs guaranteed by law with the preference of employment for the original Free Territory citizens, in other words a future for our children.
7. For the possibility of fellow exiles to repossess abandoned property in Zone B of the Free Territory of Trieste or say to obtain justice.
8. For the possibility of repatriation for all Free Territory citizens, their children and grandchildren who were forced to leave the Free Territory of Trieste in the years of the Cold War, to obtain justice.
9. For an own legal and factual citizenship with the rights guaranteed by our Constitution.
10. To manage our country democratically without interferences from any other state.
We would like to conclude this presentation with an invitation to join the CommitteeFPT passively or actively, or to support it financially, because the Corporation of the International States of Trieste legally exists, but there also has to be the will of the people to turn this into reality.
Hoping that the Free Territory citizens and all the nations of the world do find themself in the spirit of the Committee, this will have the power to revive the port, the city and to make once again this territory free, rich, sovereign and international.
With kind Regards,