“Analysis of the Treaty of Osimo from 1975”
The legal analysis of the Treaty of Osimo is divided into 3 parts:
Part 1: “Behind the secret scenes of the Treaty of Osimo 1975”
Part 2: “Analysis of the Treaty of Osimo from 1975” No. 24848
Part 3: “Analysis of the Economic Agreement of Osimo, 1975” No. 24849
Signing of the Treaty of Osimo (Ancona) 10 November 1975
The “Second Part” of the analysis of the Treaty of Osimo explains why this treaty cannot be regarded as a valid treaty under the international law. As already analysed in the article “The Obscuring of the International Nation of Trieste”, the Memorandum of Understanding signed in London on 5 October 1954 (MoU) cannot be regarded as a valid international agreement since it actually sanctions the MILITARY OCCUPATION by Italy and Yugoslavia of the group of sovereign States called Free Territory and Free Port of Trieste (FTT respectively FPT). The FTT and FPT form together the only international sovereign nation in the world that is DEMILITARIZED by statute; this means that its security is guaranteed by the UN Security Council.
The Italian-Yugoslav MILITARY OCCUPATION might have been justified under the circumstances of the historic period of the Cold War, a war that had become a reality after the signing of the Warsaw Pact on 14 May 1955, as opposed to the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization. This war, which consisted in a mere deployment of nuclear weapons, led to the so-called Iron Curtain that divided Europe into two blocks. But the Cold War ended conventionally with the fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 november 1989 and ultimately with the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact on 31 March 1991.
The TREATY OF OSIMO of 10 November 1975 is fundamentally based upon the Memorandum of Understanding of 1954 and is simply a silly attempt by Yugoslavia and Italy (whose only charge was to provide for the civil administration of the demilitarized International Nation of Trieste-FPT/FTT) to illegally take possession of the latter’s territory.
In the light of the present situation (2011), the decision of 1954 to hand over the administration of the International Nation of Trieste to the bordering States was very detrimental from a humanitarian and socio-cultural point of view to the local population and to the citizens born in the FTT, and also from an economic and commercial point of view to all the nations in the world, as far as the Italian administration of the Free Port of Trieste is concerned.
After reading the First Part, i.e. the interview of 15 Novembre 2010 with the then secret mediator for Yugoslavia/Slovenia Boris Šnuderl, who says that the Treaty signed in Osimo in 1975 is a “FRAUD”, we obviously wonder how it has been possible that the Treaty of Osimo was drawn up and registered at international level.
The CommitteeFPT’s comments on this pseudo-treaty have only one aim, i.e. that the citizens of the FTT and all peoples belonging to the UN can realize the fraud committed against them through an agreement that helps the Italian, Yugoslavian and local (Triestine) organized crime to intentionally exploit for its own purposes of power and money what was created in 1947 with the purpose of benefiting the whole world, as explained in the article “The Birth of The International Nation of Trieste”.
The document is made up of four sections:
1. RATIFICATION 1977 (for Italy)
2. TREATY OF OSIMO 1975
3. EXCHANGE LETTERS
4. FINAL ACT
TREATY OF OSIMO 1975
1987 United Nations — Treaty Series • Nations Unies — Recueil des Traités 73
Treaty on the delimitation of the frontier for the part not indicated as such in the Peace Treaty of 10 February 1947 (with annexes, exchanges of letters and final act).
Signed at Osimo, Ancona, on 10 November 1975
Authentic text of the Treaty, annexes I and III, exchanges of letters and final act: French.
Authentic text of annexes II and IV: Italian.
Registered by Italy on 9 July 1987.
SOCIALIST FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA
The Contracting Parties,
Convinced that peaceful co-operation and good-neighbourly relations between the two countries and their peoples serve the basic interests of the two States,
Considering that the agreements which they have heretofore concluded have created conditions favourable to the further development and strengthening of mutual relations,
Convinced that equality among States, renunciation of the use of force and consequent respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity and the inviolability of borders, peaceful settlement of disputes, non-interference in the internal affairs of other States and respect for freedoms and basic rights are, together with the fulfilment in good faith of all international obligations, the foundation for safeguarding peace and international security and developing friendly relations and co-operation among States,
It reads: “..and consequent respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity and the inviolability of borders,..” and also “..non-interference in the internal affairs of other States and respect for freedoms and basic rights are, together with the fulfilment in good faith of all international obligations,..”, but then it’s not clear according to which principle this bilateral Treaty cancels art. 21 of the Peace Treaty with Italy that was drawn up and signed by 21 nations including Yugoslavia and Italy […]
Confirming their loyalty to the principle of the broadest protection of citizens belonging to ethnic groups (minorities) which derives from their Constitutions and their domestic law and which each Party applies independently and drawing also upon the principles of the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the International Convenants on Human Rights,
For all the questions related to the territory of the International Nation of Trieste (FTT/FPT), this Treaty signed in Osimo on 10 November 1975 is NULL AND VOID because it doesn’t comply with the laws in force in the said territory, stating that “… the delimitation of the frontiers for the part not indicated as such in the PEACE TREATY with ITALY of 10 February 1947”, since the Peace Treaty refers to the delimitation of the frontier between the Free Territory and the bordering States of Yugoslavia and Italy.
Furthermore the Treaty of Osimo violates the following international treaties and agreements:
- 16° Resolution of UN Security Council, 10 January 1947
- Treaty of Peace with Italy, Paris, 10 February 1947
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, New York, 10 December 1948
- CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS, San Francisco, 26 June 1945
- Memorandum of Understanding, London, 5 October 1954
- International Convention on Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone, Geneva, 29 April 1958
- FINAL ACT of the CONFERENCE ON SECURITY AND CO-OPERATION IN EUROPE, Helsinki, 1 August 1975